Conventional NDT Services
Conventional non-destructive testing (NDT) refers to a procedure that does not necessitate the destruction of the component being tested and allows for the examination of welds, materials, or equipment for a variety of discontinuities, including cracks, weld discontinuities, corrosion, or wear.
In the manufacturing, construction, plant operation, and other engineering industries, non-destructive testing is becoming a frequently employed option for many different kinds of industrial projects. There are numerous NDT techniques available, and each has benefits and drawbacks. Our NDT team equips qualified inspectors with the tools they need to select the best approach for any industrial project’s inspection or testing problem. As a result, you can be certain of increased quality and safe operation while lowering total costs. Wherever needed, we conduct shop or field inspections in accordance with any applicable regulations, standards, or client requirements.
Conventional non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques are employed in many different industrial sectors, from oil and gas, renewable energy, rail, construction and fabrication, shipbuilding, steel production, biochemistry, and theme parks and fairgrounds to name a few.
Conventional NDT techniques include optical inspection, penetrant inspection, magnetic inspection, ultrasonic inspection, radiographic inspection, and eddy current inspection; nevertheless, they all have one thing in common: the materials being tested are not affected in any way. These techniques are tried-and-true and often used.
Types of Non-Destructive Testing
The various non-destructive testing modalities frequently complement one another. We may therefore make use of the benefits of combining approaches.
Non-destructive testing (NDT) is a collection of different inspection methods used singly or in combination to assess the quality and characteristics of a substance, component, or system without causing harm to it. In other words, once the inspection process is complete, the component that calls for the usage of one or more of those procedures can still be used. Therefore, NDT is frequently utilized for the identification, quantification, and size of both inherent and damage-related discontinuities. NDT is governed by regulations and standards based on the industry, nation, and other factors. The American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT), Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB), Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASTM International, COFREND, CSA, etc.
Types of non-destructive testing most frequently used
Six of the most popular NDT techniques include ultrasonic testing (UT), radiographic testing (RT), electromagnetic testing (ET), magnetic particle testing (MT), liquid penetrant testing (PT), and visual testing (VT), each of which has its own benefits and drawbacks (VT).
Other procedures include leak testing (LT), magnetic flux leakage (MFL), vibration analysis (VA), infrared testing, guided wave testing (GW), laser testing methods (LM), acoustic resonance testing (ART), and acoustic emission testing (AE) (IR).
NDT techniques appellation
The names of those methods frequently allude to a specific scientific idea or to the tools employed in the inspection. For instance, magnetic particle testing involves extremely small particles that are impacted by the application of a magnetic field, while ultrasonic testing is based on the propagation of ultrasonic sound waves in a material.
Definitions of some Key Techniques
Phased Array Ultrasonic Testing (PAUT)
The same physics underlie conventional ultrasound inspection and phased array inspection. The probe technology and configuration, as well as the electronics of the acquisition apparatus, are the key distinctions. The capabilities of the electronics and probe will determine the types of Phased Array setups that can be used. Since each component is independently regulated, a certain delay can be used to create a unique ultrasound beam.
Automated Ultrasonic Testing (AUT)
The motorized inspection system (the scanner) used in automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) moves the probes while constantly monitoring their position. The AUT technique is excellent for corrosion detection on hard-to-access structures in addition to weld inspection. Compared to conventional approaches, it can also offer 100 percent coverage with a higher output of resulting data.
Conventional Ultrasonic Testing (CUT)
When doing conventional ultrasonic testing (CUT), a probe made of piezoelectric material is used. This probe is capable of deforming and producing high-frequency acoustic waves that move at a certain velocity based on the material. The main applications of conventional ultrasonic inspection include thickness measurement, weld inspection, lamination detection, and corrosion detection.
Time-Of-Flight Diffraction (TOFD)
The Time-Of-Flight Diffraction (TOFD) technique relies on the diffraction caused by the discontinuity’s extremes and the ‘time of flight’ of an ultrasonic wave. The Phased Array technique is frequently supplemented with TOFD because of its high level of sizing accuracy and precision.
Full Matrix Capture (FMC)
A sophisticated data gathering and reconstruction technique using PAUT probes are called full matrix capture (FMC). The synthetic focusing concept is the foundation of FMC, which is then processed by computers to produce a depiction of the area being studied that resembles a picture. Algorithms can work with the generated matrix to create the image. The Total Focusing Method is the name for this procedure (TFM)
Conventional Electromagnetic Testing (ET)
The interaction between a magnetic field source, a coil, and the electrically conductive substance under inspection is the foundation of Eddy Current Testing (ET) inspection. The induction of Eddy Currents is the outcome of this interaction (also known as electromagnetic induction). Then, by measuring and examining the variations in current intensity, discontinuities can be found.
Eddy Current Array (ECA)
The Conventional Eddy Current technique has evolved into Eddy Current Array (ECA) technology. Due to the multi-coil design, this technology gives a wider coverage and a higher sensitivity to any defects. The number of coils and flexibility of Eddy Current Array probes can be modified to inspect complex geometries, such as the teeth on gears, depending on the application and necessary coverage.
Tangential Eddy Current (TEC)
Another method based on magnetic induction is tangential Eddy Current (TEC) inspection. The coils are aligned tangential to the surface, which is the primary distinction between Tangential and Conventional Eddy Current. This arrangement enhances the depth placement and size of faults since eddy currents are generated perpendicular to the surface.
Pulsed Eddy Current (PEC)
A technique known as pulsed eddy current (PEC) inspection relies on a magnetic field that can pass through numerous layers of insulation or coating to reach a particular material’s surface and cause eddy currents. On ferrous materials wrapped in an insulation layer, fireproofing, or coating, this method is typically used to quantify thickness and find corrosion.
Small Control Area Radiography (SCAR)
The distinctive feature of Small Controlled Area Radiography (SCAR) is the use of a small exposure device. When compared to conventional exposure devices, this gadget increases productivity while making radiography operations safer and more efficient.
Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL)
Electromagnetism and the measurement of permeability fluctuations are the foundations of Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) inspection. The presence of probable faults owing to wall thickness loss from corrosion or surface problems like fractures is confirmed by the Magnetic Flux Leakage study.
Since there are so many diverse strategies, each with its own unique traits, some of them may be ideal for some purposes but completely useless for others. For instance, some techniques just offer surface examination whereas others permit a thorough volumetric inspection. The various non-destructive testing modalities frequently complement one another. We may therefore make use of the benefits of combining approaches. Therefore, selecting a suitable approach is a crucial step in maximizing the effectiveness of an NDT inspection; as a result, it is crucial to be well-informed while creating the inspection plan.